Updated on November 11, 2016
Diaper rash is a common problem that most moms are facing with their baby especially those who are first-time moms. It is mostly caused by redness where the diaper touches your baby bottoms’ skin. This redness occurs when the diaper is wet and spoiled or the diaper is too fit for the baby. Some moms may be thinking that diaper rash is just nothing. No, it’s not. It can harm your baby and can cause serious problems because of the presence of bacteria.
Here are tips on how you can prevent diaper rash and help your baby from irritation.
Minimize using diapers
Your baby’s bottom is delicate. It is better for you to at least minimize using diapers. If you use diapers, change wet diapers immediately. Changing baby diapers depends on baby’s delicate skin, liquid intake and overall health. Some changes diaper every two hours. Some also change even more frequent.
Always stay clean and dry
Make sure your baby is always clean and dry to prevent diaper rashes. Microorganisms can cause skin infections love dirty and warm environment under your baby’s wet and soiled diaper.
Try different brands and scents of wipes
Some commercial diapers composed of irritable ingredients like alcohol and other chemicals. To prevent this, you can use a hypoallergenic soap and water to clean up your baby’s bottom.
Putting your baby’s bottom with powder can also help in preventing diaper rash. When you buy a baby powder, make sure that it won’t also harm your baby. Some powder has health hazards especially when your baby inhales.
When you are cleaning your baby’s bottom, make sure that you clean and wipe it thoroughly with a clean towel to avoid irritation.
Your baby’s skin is very delicate. We, mothers, want our baby’s to be happy and healthy life. So it is important for you to take care of it so you baby won’t experience irritation and other health hazards. Having a healthy lifestyle is the key to avoiding health hazards.
Limit Plastic Pants
If the child is using a cloth diaper, you may also be using plastic pants on him/her. However, these things can hold heat, and when the baby begins to sweat, in addition to the urine, there will be a lot of moister there.
Use Petroleum Jelly
Every time you change the little one, always make sure that you rub this area with Petroleum Jelly, just before you replace the disposable or washable diaper. This is to put a barrier between the urine and the baby’s skin.
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Updated on November 5, 2016
Allergy is sensitization of the body to different antigens, mediated by different types of immunogenic cells, for example:
- Food products
- Inhaled particles etc.
These are the conditions which are caused when the immune system gets hyper-sensitized.
Mechanics of allergy
When any allergen, unwanted particle or antigen enters into the body, different types of substances are released from sensitized cells. These substances are mostly histamine and serotonin. Hypersensitivity is the exaggerated form of allergy. There are four types of hypersensitivities depending on the basis of time and type of mediators involved.
- Type 1 Immediate (allergy) e.g. Asthma and Anaphylaxis. Mediator involved is Immunoglobulin E.
- Type 2 Antigen-antibody dependent. E.g. hemolytic anemia. Mediator involved is Immunoglobulin M and G.
- Type 3 Immune Complex E.g. serum sickness. Mediator involved is Immunoglobulin G and cells (neutrophils).
- Type 4 Delayed type. E.g. Dermatitis and tissue rejection (one that is transplanted). Mediator involved are T cells.
Symptoms of allergies
There are many evident symptoms of allergies which can be observed by anyone. This include:
- Wet or a dry cough.
- Itching and redness on major parts of the body, muscles or genitals.
- Frequent Vomits with continuous nausea.
- Diarrhea and Constipation.
- Sleeplessness and frequent headaches.
- Low or high-grade fever.
How to diagnose allergy
Doctors use different types of methods and tests, where most commonly used is skin sensitization. Another easy option is the identification of different types of immunoglobulin by ELISA.
How to fight allergy
This disease is pretty much irritating and demoralizing. No one wants to have it, anyone suffering from allergies wants treatment. Fighting it is not an easy job. The best way to avoid it is not to present an allergy target and avoid antigens / particles or situations. The trick for avoiding allergy is to avoid harmful food. For aerial allergies, we need to wear a mask. Hot fluids are very effective in fighting allergies and soothing symptoms. There exist many other home based remedies, which are effective person to person, as guided by the family doctor. If allergy gets old and doesn’t get controlled by these precautionary measures, then medicine come into play. Medicines are in the form of:
- Aerosol sprays.
Drugs and treatment
- Steroids can be used for skin allergies and as inhalers for allergies like asthma. Steroids do carry along their side effects.
- Histamine receptor blockers which block histamine actions are very effective especially if use during early stages of allergy.
- Mast cell stabilizers stop the release of histamine
- Leukotriene receptor blocker e.g. Montelukast